please read this attentively

`IMAM ABU HANIFA (R.H)  

 

1)     Abu Haneefah (d. 150H) (rahimahullaah) said: “Adhere to the athar (narration) and the tareeqah (way) of the Salaf (Pious Predecessors) and beware of newly invented matters for all of it is innovation” [Reported by As-Suyootee in Sawn al Mantaq wal-Kalaam p.32]

 

2)     “When a hadeeth is found to be saheeh, then that is my madhhab.”  

[Ibn ‘Aabideen in al-Haashiyah (1/63) and in his essay Rasm al-Mufti (1/4 from the Compilation of the Essays of Ibn ‘Aabideen), Shaikh Saalih al-Fulaani in Eeqaaz al-Himam (p. 62) and others.  Ibn ‘Aabideen quoted from Sharh al-Hidaayah by Ibn al-Shahnah al-Kabeer, the teacher of Ibn al-Humaam]

 

3)     “It is haram (prohibited) for someone who does not know my evidence to give fatwaa (verdicts) on the basis of my words.”  Another narration adds, “… for we are mortals: we say one thing one day, and take it back the next day.”

[Ibn ‘Abdul Barr in Al-Intiqaa’ fi Fadaa’il ath-Thalaathah al-A’immah al-Fuqahaa’ (p. 145), Ibn al-Qayyim in I’laam al-Mooqi’een (2/309), Ibn ‘Aabideen in his Footnoes on Al-Bahr ar-Raa’iq (6/293) and in Rasm al-Mufti (pp. 29, 32) & Sha’raani in Al-Meezaan (1/55) with the second narration.  Similar narrations exist on the authority of Abu Haneefah’s companions Zafar, Abu Yoosuf and ‘Aafiyah ibn Yazeed; cf. Eeqaaz (p. 52).  Ibn al-Qayyim firmly certified its authenticity on the authority of Abu Yoosuf in I’laam al-Mooqi’een (2/344).]

4)     “When I say something contradicting the Book of Allah the Exalted or what is narrated from the Messenger (saaws), then ignore my saying.”

[Al-Fulaani in Eeqaaz al-Himam (p. 50), tracing it to Imaam Muhammad and then saying, “This does not apply to the mujtahid, for he is not bound to their views anyway, but it applies to the muqallid.”]

 

Imaam Maalik ibn Anas (rahimahullaah) said:

 

1)     Truly I am only a mortal:  I make mistakes (sometimes) and I am correct (sometimes).  Therefore, look into my opinions: all that agrees with the Book and the Sunnah, accept it; and all that does not agree with the Book and the Sunnah, ignore it.”  

[Ibn ‘Abdul Barr in Jaami’ Bayaan al-‘Ilm (2/32), Ibn Hazm, quoting from the former in Usool al-Ahkaam (6/149), and similarly Al-Fulaani (p. 72)]

Imaam Shaafi’i (rahimahullaah) said:

 

1)     “The sunnahs of the Messenger of Allah (saaws) reach, as well as escape from, every one of us.  So whenever I voice my opinion, or formulate a principle, where something contrary to my view exists on the authority of the Messenger of Allah (saaws), then the correct view is what the Messenger of Allah (saaws) has said, and it is my view.”

[Related by Haakim with a continuous sanad up to Shaafi’i, as in Taareekh Dimashq of Ibn ‘Asaakir (15/1/3), I’laam al-Mooqi’een (2/363, 364) & Eeqaaz (p. 100).]

2)     .”Every statement on the authority of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is also my view, even if you do not hear it from me.” {Ibn Abi Haatim (pp. 93-4)

 

3)     Follow it (the Sunnah), and do not look sideways at anyone else’s saying.”

 

{Harawi in Dhamm al-Kalaam (3/47/1), Khateeb in Al-Ihtijaaj bi ash-Shaafi’i (8/2), Ibn ‘Asaakir (15/9/10), Nawawi in Al- Majmoo’ (1/63), Ibn al-Qayyim (2/361) & Fulaani (p. 100); the second narration is from Hilyah al-Awliyaa’ of Abu Nu’aim}.

 

 

Ahmad ibn Hanbal (rahimahullaah) said:

 

1)     Do not follow my opinion; neither follow the opinion of Maalik, nor Shaafi’i, nor Awzaa’i, nor Thawri, but take from where they took.”

[Fulaani (p. 113) & Ibn al-Qayyim in I’laam (2/302).]

2)     “Do not copy your Deen from anyone of these, but whatever comes from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) and his Companions, take it; next are their Successors, where a man has a choice.”

 

3)     “Following (ittibaa’) means that a man follows what comes from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) and his Companions; after the Successors, he has a choice.”

[Abu Daawood in Masaa’il of Imaam Ahmad (pp. 276-7)]

 

“The opinion of Awzaa’i, the opinion of Maalik, the opinion of Abu Haneefah: all of it is opinion, and it is all equal in my eyes. However, the proof is in the narrations (from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) and his Companions).”

[Ibn `Abdul Barr in Jaami’ Bayaan al-‘Ilm (2/149).]

“Whoever rejects a statement of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) is on the brink of destruction.”

[Ibn al-Jawzi (p. 182)2)]

 

 The solution

 The messenger of Allah (saaws) said: O mankind, I am leaving two things with you, if you cling to them you will never go astray. The Book of Allah and my teachings [Al-Haakim and Al-Baihaqi].

O you who believe! Obey Allâh and obey the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you (Muslims) differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allâh and His Messenger (SAW), if you believe in Allâh and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination. [The Noble Qur’an 4:59]

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