What should be done in the month of zul-hijja?

things to do in zul hijja

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Why do I have to pray and what is the du’aa to say when I start my Salah

Salah is the second pillar of Islam. It is an act of worship. Anyone who does not pray, cannot consider himself as a Muslim.

Many apparent Muslims will find this judgemental because they do not know what is judging and what is a statement coming from the Deen itself

There is no such thing as modern islam or liberal islam or non practising muslims.

If you are Muslims, then you should obey your Lord’s command. Only then you can be called a Muslims

Well concerning the duaa, i have found this article online instructive

Right after starting salat, i.e, after Niah (intention) and Takbeer (saying Allahu Akbar الله أكبر), you can sayThe Opening Du’aa, which is Sunnah, i.e, it’s not obligatory, but is recommended to say. I.e, if you don’t say it then your salat is still correct and there’s nothing wrong.

However, scholars differ in what the Opening Du’aa is:

  • Shafei Mathhab scholars say that the Opening Du’aa is the following:
    • وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ، إِنَّ صَلاَتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَاىَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ، لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ، وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ، اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ الْمَلِكُ، لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ، أَنْتَ رَبِّي، وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ، ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي، وَاعْتَرَفْتُ بِذَنْبِي، فَاغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي جَمِيعًا، إِنَّهُ لاَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ، وَاهْدِنِي لأَحْسَنِ الأَخْلاَقِ، لاَ يَهْدِي لأَحْسَنِهَا إِلاَّ أَنْتَ، وَاصْرِفْ عَنِّي سَيِّئَهَا، لاَ يَصْرِفُ عَنِّي سَيِّئَهَا إِلاَّ أَنْتَ، لَبَّيْكَ وَسَعْدَيْكَ، وَالْخَيْرُ كُلُّهُ فِي يَدَيْكَ، وَالشَّرُّ لَيْسَ إِلَيْكَ، أَنَا بِكَ وَإِلَيْكَ، تَبَارَكْتَ وَتَعَالَيْتَ، أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ.

      I turn my face in complete devotion to One Who is the Originator of the heaven and the earth and I am not of the polytheists. Verily my prayer, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the worlds; There is no partner with Him and this is what I have been commanded (to profess and believe) and I am of the believers. O Allah, Thou art the King, there is no god but Thee, Thou art my Lord, and I am Thy bondman. I wronged myself and make a confession of my Sin. Forgive all my sins, for no one forgives the sins but Thee, and guide me in the best of conduct for none but Thee guideth anyone (in) good conduct. Remove sins from me, for none else but Thou can remove sins from me. Here I am at Thy service, and Grace is to Thee and the whole of good is in Thine hand, and one cannot get nearneststo Thee through evil. My (power as well as existence) is due to Thee (Thine grace) and I turn to Thee (for supplication). Thou art blessed and Thou art exalted. I seek forgiveness from Thee and turn to Thee in repentance.

      [Sahih Muslim], [Sunan an-Nasa’i], and also [Sunan Abu Dawud]

    • Hanafi Mathhab scholars say that the Opening Du’aa is the following:

      سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ

      Subhanakallahumma, wa bihamdika tabarakasmuka wa ta’ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuk (Glory and praise be to You, O Allah. Blessed be Your name and exalted be Your majesty, there is none worthy of worship except You.

      [Sunan an-Nasa’i], also in [Jami` at-Tirmidhi] and others.

      And in nafilat salat you should add after “and exalted be Your majesty” (وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ) the following:

      وجل ثناؤك

      And honored be your tribute and thankfulness (weak translation)

      But this has no reference in famous Hadiths.

    The Du’aa should be said right after Takbeer and before even Isti’athan (الاستعاذة), if you begun saying Isti’athan and forgot to say it, then you shouldn’t say it anymore because it’s right place is passed, yet (as mentioned above) that doesn’t affect your salat correctness at all.

    Reference: Islamic Fiqh (Book), part 1: Prayer rules, version 8, Pages 230-231. By Dr.Ibraheem Muhammad Salqini.

  • وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ، إِنَّ صَلاَتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَاىَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ، لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ، وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ، اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ الْمَلِكُ، لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ، أَنْتَ رَبِّي، وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ، ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي، وَاعْتَرَفْتُ بِذَنْبِي، فَاغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي جَمِيعًا، إِنَّهُ لاَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ، وَاهْدِنِي لأَحْسَنِ الأَخْلاَقِ، لاَ يَهْدِي لأَحْسَنِهَا إِلاَّ أَنْتَ، وَاصْرِفْ عَنِّي سَيِّئَهَا، لاَ يَصْرِفُ عَنِّي سَيِّئَهَا إِلاَّ أَنْتَ، لَبَّيْكَ وَسَعْدَيْكَ، وَالْخَيْرُ كُلُّهُ فِي يَدَيْكَ، وَالشَّرُّ لَيْسَ إِلَيْكَ، أَنَا بِكَ وَإِلَيْكَ، تَبَارَكْتَ وَتَعَالَيْتَ، أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ.

    I turn my face in complete devotion to One Who is the Originator of the heaven and the earth and I am not of the polytheists. Verily my prayer, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the worlds; There is no partner with Him and this is what I have been commanded (to profess and believe) and I am of the believers. O Allah, Thou art the King, there is no god but Thee, Thou art my Lord, and I am Thy bondman. I wronged myself and make a confession of my Sin. Forgive all my sins, for no one forgives the sins but Thee, and guide me in the best of conduct for none but Thee guideth anyone (in) good conduct. Remove sins from me, for none else but Thou can remove sins from me. Here I am at Thy service, and Grace is to Thee and the whole of good is in Thine hand, and one cannot get nearneststo Thee through evil. My (power as well as existence) is due to Thee (Thine grace) and I turn to Thee (for supplication). Thou art blessed and Thou art exalted. I seek forgiveness from Thee and turn to Thee in repentance.

    [Sahih Muslim], [Sunan an-Nasa’i], and also [Sunan Abu Dawud]

  • Hanafi Mathhab scholars say that the Opening Du’aa is the following:

    سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ

    Subhanakallahumma, wa bihamdika tabarakasmuka wa ta’ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuk (Glory and praise be to You, O Allah. Blessed be Your name and exalted be Your majesty, there is none worthy of worship except You.

    [Sunan an-Nasa’i], also in [Jami` at-Tirmidhi] and others.

    And in nafilat salat you should add after “and exalted be Your majesty” (وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ) the following:

    وجل ثناؤك

    And honored be your tribute and thankfulness (weak translation)

    But this has no reference in famous Hadiths.

The Du’aa should be said right after Takbeer and before even Isti’athan (الاستعاذة), if you begun saying Isti’athan and forgot to say it, then you shouldn’t say it anymore because it’s right place is passed, yet (as mentioned above) that doesn’t affect your salat correctness at all.

Reference: Islamic Fiqh (Book), part 1: Prayer rules, version 8, Pages 230-231. By Dr.Ibraheem Muhammad Salqini.

palestine women performing tarawih