Many Muslims asked whether they are allowed to attend a non-Muslim funeral: what is its ruling?

As we live in a non-Muslim society and we are surrounded with many non-Muslim colleagues, friends, neighbours etc, Muslims want to know what they should do in such circumstances where their colleagues or colleagues’ parents die and so on.

First thing, we should remind new Muslims as well as those Muslims who do not have enough knowledge that Islam invites us to take care of our non-Muslim fellows. It is our duty to help them, to pray for them, to take them to the hospitals if they need our help. However, concerning funerals, Muslims are recommended not to attend the religious ceremony because it contradicts the essence of Islam.

The Qur’an mentions in various verses the importance of Tawheed, the rejection of shirk and polytheism, the importance to maintain and safeguard our faith….

Surah Al Kaafirun was revealed when the polytheists of Makkah tried to negotiate with the prophet of Allah [peace be upon him] to worship their idols along with Allah. They said: One year, we will worship your Allah and the next year, you will join us in worship of our gods and goddesses” So, Allah clarifies this situation and says: “Lakum diinukum wa liya diin” – Your religion is for you and my religion is for me.

Non-Muslims may find it insulting and ignorant Muslims may find it harsh. NO. Not at all. Even in many homes, people do not share every single thing together. Each one has his own principle. If Islam has to agree with every single thing the Jews, the Christians and the Polytheists do, then it would not be Islam, it would be just a free thought where everyone is free to do anything he wants!!! NO. Islam is a way of life and it has its own principles. laws such as prohibitions and permissibility [halal and haram].

People bring a hadith which they misintepret to say that the prophet [peace be upon him] stood up at a funeral and said: didn’t he have a soul?”

 

Well, hereunder I would like to clarify this [https://iloveimamrabbani.wordpress.com/tag/did-the-prophet-%EF%B7%BA-stand-up-for-the-jews-funeral-no-he-did-not/]

 

Tag Archives: did the Prophet ﷺ stand up for the jew’s funeral? NO he did NOT

The Prophet ﷺ stood for Allah’s angels, not for dead infidels

عن أنس بن مالك : أن جنازة يهودي مرت برسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فقام فقالوا : يا رسول الله إنها جنازة يهودي فقال : إنما قمت للملائكة

المستدرك على الصحيحين

Translation of meaning: It is reported on the authority of Anas bin Malik: A jew’s bier passed by the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he stood; and [the companions] said: O Messenger of Allah [ﷺ], it is a jew’s bier. He [ﷺ] said: But I stood for the angels. (Al-Mustadrak ‘ala al-Sahiihayn)

————————————————————————

The above hadiith is Sahiih on the criteria of Imam Muslim and it clearly states that the Messenger of Allah stood in honor of Allah’s angels, not the dead infidels. This point is proven by many other ahadiith as well. For example:

 أنه صلى الله عليه وسلم وأصحابه قاموا لجنازة فقالوا : يا رسول الله إنها يهودية ، فقال : إن الموت فزع فإذا رأيتم الجنازة فقوموا – صحيح مسلم

Translation of meaning: He sal Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and his companions stood for a bier and [people] said: O Messenger of Allah, it is a jewess. He [ﷺ] then said: Indeed death is a fright, then if you see a janaza, stand. (Sahiih Muslilm)

This hadiith exists in multiple hadiith collections including Sahiih Muslim. Yet the syncretists kafirs pretending to be Muslim scholars never quote it.

The syncretist kafirs pretending to be Ash’aris & Sufis narrate this below hadith with the wrong context to indicate that the Messenger of Allah honored jews and christians.

   إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَرَّتْ بِهِ جِنَازَةٌ فَقَامَ ، فَقِيلَ لَهُ إِنَّهَا جِنَازَةُ يَهُودِيٍّ ، فَقَالَ : أَلَيْسَتْ نَفْسًا – صحيح البخاري

Translation of meaning: A bier passed by the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he stood, and it was said to him that it is the bier of a jew. He replied: “Isn’t it a soul” (Sahiih Bukhari)

“Isn’t it a soul?” in the above mentioned hadiith only means that jew or not, it is still a dead human and in any case the angels will do whatever they are assigned to do – take souls out of bodies, deliver torment to dead infidels; and honor and blessings to dead Muslims. The hadiith is simply stating that it is still a dead person, and therefore death in itself as well as its accompanying angels need to be respected.

Furthermore, the act of standing for funerals, EVEN IN HONOR OF ANGELS, has been abrogated, as shown by the below hadiith.

عن علي قال: قام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم مع الجنازة حتى توضع وقام الناس معه، ثم قعد بعد ذلك وأمرهم بالقعود – كنز العمال

Translation of meaning: It is narrated on the authority of ‘Ali (may Allah reward him), he said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stood in the presence of a janaza until it was placed on ground and people too stood alongside him [following him ﷺ]; then afterwards he remained seated and commanded them [people] to stay seated. (Kanz al-‘Ummaal)

Sahiih Muslim has an entire chapter titled ‘Chapter on the abrogation of standing for a funeral’ in the ‘Book of Funerals’:

عن واقد بن عمرو بن سعد بن معاذ أنه قال رآني نافع بن جبير ونحن في جنازة قائما وقد جلس ينتظر أن توضع الجنازة فقال لي ما يقيمك فقلت أنتظر أن توضع الجنازة لما يحدث أبو سعيد الخدري فقال نافع فإن مسعود بن الحكم حدثني عن علي بن أبي طالب أنه قال قام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ثم قعد – صحيح مسلم –  كتاب الجنائز – باب نسخ القيام للجنازة

Translation of meaning: It is reported on the authority of Waaqid bin ‘Amru that he said: Naafi’ bin Jubayr saw me while we were standing for a bier (janaza) while he was seated, and waited for the bier to be placed on the ground; and he said to me, “what made you stand?”. I said “I was waiting for the bier to be placed on the ground [based on] what was narrated to me by Abu Sa’iid Al-Khudri. He [Naafi’] said: Indeed, Mas’uud bin Al-Hakm narrated to me on the authority of ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib, wherein he said: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stood [in the earlier times] and later he remained seated.” (Sahiih Muslim, Book of Funerals, Chapter on the abrogation of standing for a bier)

Imam An-Nawawiy says in his commentary on Sahiih Muslim:

فقال مالك وأبو حنيفة والشافعي : القيام منسوخ

[Imams of madhhabs] Malik and Abu Hanifa and Ash-Shafi’iy said: Standing [for passing biers] is abrogated.

The above abundantly establishes that the Prophet ﷺ NEVER stood in honor of a dead jew or any other infidel. He stood in honor of Allah’s angels and also to observe the seriousness of death itself, and this practice too has been abrogated.

 

The Prophet ﷺ stood for Allah’s angels, not for dead infidels

عن أنس بن مالك : أن جنازة يهودي مرت برسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فقام فقالوا : يا رسول الله إنها جنازة يهودي فقال : إنما قمت للملائكة

المستدرك على الصحيحين

Translation of meaning: It is reported on the authority of Anas bin Malik: A jew’s bier passed by the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he stood; and [the companions] said: O Messenger of Allah [ﷺ], it is a jew’s bier. He [ﷺ] said: But I stood for the angels. (Al-Mustadrak ‘ala al-Sahiihayn)

————————————————————————

The above hadiith is Sahiih on the criteria of Imam Muslim and it clearly states that the Messenger of Allah stood in honor of Allah’s angels, not the dead infidels. This point is proven by many other ahadiith as well. For example:

 أنه صلى الله عليه وسلم وأصحابه قاموا لجنازة فقالوا : يا رسول الله إنها يهودية ، فقال : إن الموت فزع فإذا رأيتم الجنازة فقوموا – صحيح مسلم

Translation of meaning: He sal Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam and his companions stood for a bier and [people] said: O Messenger of Allah, it is a jewess. He [ﷺ] then said: Indeed death is a fright, then if you see a janaza, stand. (Sahiih Muslilm)

This hadiith exists in multiple hadiith collections including Sahiih Muslim. Yet the syncretists kafirs pretending to be Muslim scholars never quote it.

The syncretist kafirs pretending to be Ash’aris & Sufis narrate this below hadith with the wrong context to indicate that the Messenger of Allah honored jews and christians.

   إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَرَّتْ بِهِ جِنَازَةٌ فَقَامَ ، فَقِيلَ لَهُ إِنَّهَا جِنَازَةُ يَهُودِيٍّ ، فَقَالَ : أَلَيْسَتْ نَفْسًا – صحيح البخاري

Translation of meaning: A bier passed by the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he stood, and it was said to him that it is the bier of a jew. He replied: “Isn’t it a soul” (Sahiih Bukhari)

“Isn’t it a soul?” in the above mentioned hadiith only means that jew or not, it is still a dead human and in any case the angels will do whatever they are assigned to do – take souls out of bodies, deliver torment to dead infidels; and honor and blessings to dead Muslims. The hadiith is simply stating that it is still a dead person, and therefore death in itself as well as its accompanying angels need to be respected.

Furthermore, the act of standing for funerals, EVEN IN HONOR OF ANGELS, has been abrogated, as shown by the below hadiith.

عن علي قال: قام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم مع الجنازة حتى توضع وقام الناس معه، ثم قعد بعد ذلك وأمرهم بالقعود – كنز العمال

Translation of meaning: It is narrated on the authority of ‘Ali (may Allah reward him), he said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stood in the presence of a janaza until it was placed on ground and people too stood alongside him [following him ﷺ]; then afterwards he remained seated and commanded them [people] to stay seated. (Kanz al-‘Ummaal)

Sahiih Muslim has an entire chapter titled ‘Chapter on the abrogation of standing for a funeral’ in the ‘Book of Funerals’:

عن واقد بن عمرو بن سعد بن معاذ أنه قال رآني نافع بن جبير ونحن في جنازة قائما وقد جلس ينتظر أن توضع الجنازة فقال لي ما يقيمك فقلت أنتظر أن توضع الجنازة لما يحدث أبو سعيد الخدري فقال نافع فإن مسعود بن الحكم حدثني عن علي بن أبي طالب أنه قال قام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ثم قعد – صحيح مسلم –  كتاب الجنائز – باب نسخ القيام للجنازة

Translation of meaning: It is reported on the authority of Waaqid bin ‘Amru that he said: Naafi’ bin Jubayr saw me while we were standing for a bier (janaza) while he was seated, and waited for the bier to be placed on the ground; and he said to me, “what made you stand?”. I said “I was waiting for the bier to be placed on the ground [based on] what was narrated to me by Abu Sa’iid Al-Khudri. He [Naafi’] said: Indeed, Mas’uud bin Al-Hakm narrated to me on the authority of ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib, wherein he said: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stood [in the earlier times] and later he remained seated.” (Sahiih Muslim, Book of Funerals, Chapter on the abrogation of standing for a bier)

Imam An-Nawawiy says in his commentary on Sahiih Muslim:

فقال مالك وأبو حنيفة والشافعي : القيام منسوخ

[Imams of madhhabs] Malik and Abu Hanifa and Ash-Shafi’iy said: Standing [for passing biers] is abrogated.

The above abundantly establishes that the Prophet ﷺ NEVER stood in honor of a dead jew or any other infidel. He stood in honor of Allah’s angels and also to observe the seriousness of death itself, and this practice too has been abrogated.

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